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Though historians disagree about exact reasons for the decline of the Ottoman Empire, what is agreed is that the World War I era marked the end of the Empire leaving behind ruins in different countries of the Middle East. Due to its defeat in WWI, the empire was under the occupation of France, Britain, Russia, and Greece. However, the Turks fought for independence, establishing the Republic of Turkey on July 24, 1923. It has a democratically elected regime, and Racep Tayyip Erdogan as the current president. Home to over 75 million citizens, the Republic of Turkey accommodates Middle Eastern and European elements with ease.