Influenced heavily by its geographical location, Danish history throughout the 16th, 17th and 18th Centuries was marred with wars of control – particularly with Sweden, Germany and Norway. In the late 18th Century, influenced by the French revolution, Denmark adopted a liberal constitutional system. These diverse influences can be seen in the amazing palaces scattered throughout the city of Copenhagen. Even though a lot of its architecture was destroyed in various wars including World War II, the city still thrives as one of the most beautiful capitals in Europe. Neutral during WWII, Denmark was occupied by Germany in April of 1940 despite having accepted a pact of non-aggression with Germany. Upon the Nazi threat of deportation, Denmark succeeded in smuggling most of its Jewish population to neigbouring Sweden by 1943. Denmark was liberated by the British in 1945. At the end of the war Denmark became a founding charter member of the UN, and though she joined the European Community in 1972, she remains a reluctant member, rejecting the adoption of the Euro in 2000.
The Islamic history of the city only dates back to the 1970s when Muslims arrived from Pakistan, Morocco, and Turkey searching for jobs. In the 1980s and 1990s the population of Muslims grew when refugees and asylum seekers from Iran, Iraq, Somalia and Bosnia arrived. As an accepting nation, Denmark gave these people refuge, and a new home. Today, Denmark has approximately 226 000 Muslims, many of them children of migrants, including around 2800 ethnic Danes who have converted to Islam.